High priority taxa

103 out of 118 taxa under analysis, were found to be high priority taxa to collect

  • V. adenantha
  • V. angivensis
  • V. antunesii
  • V. benuensis
  • V. bequaertii
  • V. bosseri
  • V. comosa
  • V. comosa subsp.abercornensis
  • V. comosa subsp. comosa var. comosa
  • V. comosa subsp. comosa var. lebrunii
  • V. decipiens
  • V. desmodioides
  • V. dolomitica
  • V. filicaulis
  • V. filicaulis var. pseudovenulosa
  • V. fischeri
  • V. friesiorum
  • V. friesiorum var. angustifolia
  • V. friesiorum var. friesiorum
  • V. friesiorum var. ulugurensis
  • V. frutescens
  • V. frutescens subsp. frutescens
  • V. frutescens subsp. frutescens var. frutescens
  • V. frutescens subsp. incana
  • V. frutescens subsp. kotschyi
  • V. gazensis
  • V. gracilis
  • V. gracilis var. gracilis
  • V. gracilis var. multiflora
  • V. haumaniana
  • V. haumaniana var. haumaniana

Continue checking the priorities list here

Identified gaps for Vigna genepool

(see downloads)

We found data for 68 wild species and 51 infraspecific taxa of different wild species, accounting to a total of 119 taxa for analysis. The different taxa were found to be classified as follows, according to their closeness to the cropped species Vigna unguiculata subsp. unguiculata var. unguiculata using Maxted et al., (2004) as follows:

Primary genepool
Secondary genepool
Tertiary genepool
A.
V. unguiculata subsp. unguiculata var. unguiculata
V. nervosa
Other Vigna species
V. unguiculata subsp. unguiculata var. unguiculata cv. gr. Unguiculata

V. unguiculata subsp. unguiculata var. unguiculata cv. gr. Biflora

V. unguiculata subsp. unguiculata var. unguiculata cv. gr. Sesquipedalis

V. unguiculata subsp. unguiculata var. unguiculata cv. gr. Melanophthaulmus

B.
All wild and weedy infra-specific V. unguiculata taxa

The analysis dataset (download) contained 8953 observations, with 6444 (72%) being herbarium specimens and 2509 (28%) being genebank accessions. The average number of total samples per taxon was 75 (but with standard deviation of 152), which indicates that the information is abundant but concentrated in certain taxa, probably in those more studied over time such as V. subterranea, V. unguiculata.

The gap analysis of the Vigna genepool found that there are 48 taxa that are either underrepresented or not represented in genebank holdings out of the 119 taxa under analysis; 48 of these taxa have less than 10 observations in total, which indicates the urgent need of a collecting mission for them (or the need of more genebank and herbarium data readily available). The rest of these taxa were mapped and their potential collecting zones are shown as follows:

Potential sampling richness

GE View in Google Earth

Potential sampling zones

GE View in Google Earth

Vigna high priority taxa were found to be distributed in Africa. Zones in the figures above are those in which the species is likely to exist and no genebank accessions have been collected.

Brief description of data used in the analysis

The table below shows the number of records (herbarium, germplasm, total) used per species for the Eleusine genepool gap analysis.

Species
Genebank accessions
Herbarium samples
Total
Vigna adenantha
5
46
51
Vigna angivensis
0
109
109
Vigna antunesii
0
77
77
Vigna benuensis
3
8
11
Vigna bequaertii
0
10
10
Vigna bosseri
0
6
6
Vigna comosa
10
114
124
Vigna comosa subsp. abercornensis
0
11
11
Vigna comosa subsp. comosa var. comosa
1
28
29
Vigna comosa subsp. comosa var. lebrunii
0
1
1
Vigna decipiens
0
11
11
Vigna desmodioides
0
15
15
Vigna dolomitica
0
9
9
Vigna filicaulis
3
38
41
Vigna filicaulis var. pseudovenulosa
2
0
2
Vigna fischeri
1
51
52
Vigna friesiorum
0
6
6
Vigna friesiorum var. angustifolia
0
10
10
Vigna friesiorum var. friesiorum
1
6
7
Vigna friesiorum var. ulugurensis
0
14
14
Vigna frutescens
5
77
82
Vigna frutescens subsp. frutescens
0
13
13
Vigna frutescens subsp. frutescens var. frutescens
6
264
270
Vigna frutescens subsp. incana
2
17
19
Vigna frutescens subsp. kotschyi
0
7
7
Vigna gazensis
0
56
56
Vigna gracilis
25
29
54
Vigna gracilis var. gracilis
14
134
148
Vigna gracilis var. multiflora
0
78
78
Vigna haumaniana
0
2
2
Vigna haumaniana var. haumaniana
0
9
9
Vigna heterophylla
4
30
34
Vigna hosei
0
4
4
Vigna juncea
0
15
15
Vigna juncea var. corbyi
0
4
4
Vigna juncea var. juncea
0
2
2
Vigna juncea var. major
0
7
7
Vigna juruana
1
33
34
Vigna kassneri
0
1
1
Vigna kerandrenii
0
16
16
Vigna kirkii
9
63
72
Vigna kokii
0
9
9
Vigna laurentii
0
10
10
Vigna longifolia
1
22
23
Vigna longissima
0
17
17
Vigna luteola
46
328
374
Vigna macrorhyncha
1
147
148
Vigna marina
7
39
46
Vigna marina subsp. oblonga
1
0
1
Vigna membranacea subsp. caesia
4
12
16
Vigna membranacea subsp. hapalantha
7
0
7
Vigna membranacea subsp. macrodon
1
4
5
Vigna microsperma
0
1
1
Vigna monantha
0
7
7
Vigna monophylla
3
67
70
Vigna mudenia
0
5
5
Vigna multiflora
0
1
1
Vigna multinervis
34
102
136
Vigna mungo
0
3
3
Vigna nigritia
38
65
103
Vigna nuda
0
6
6
Vigna oblongifolia var. parviflora
12
130
142
Vigna parkeri
4
19
23
Vigna parkeri subsp. acutifolia
0
38
38
Vigna parkeri subsp. maranguensis
3
188
191
Vigna phoenix
0
4
4
Vigna platyloba
8
43
51
Vigna praecox
2
11
13
Vigna procera
0
12
12
Vigna pygmaea
0
58
58
Vigna radiata
3
12
15
Vigna radiata var. sublobata
2
2
4
Vigna radicans
28
61
89
Vigna richardsiae
0
8
8
Vigna schimperi
2
87
89
Vigna schlechteri
5
57
62
Vigna somaliensis
0
1
1
Vigna stenophylla
0
14
14
Vigna subterranea var. spontanea
0
7
7
Vigna subterranea var. subterranea
12
0
12
Vigna tisserantiana
0
1
1
Vigna trilobata
1
1
2
Vigna triphylla
1
20
21
Vigna umbellata
0
4
4
Vigna unguiculata
24
245
269
Vigna unguiculata subsp. aduensis
0
1
1
Vigna unguiculata subsp. alba
2
17
19
Vigna unguiculata subsp. baoulensis
7
0
7
Vigna unguiculata subsp. letouzeyi
4
0
4
Vigna unguiculata subsp. mensensis
0
10
10
Vigna unguiculata subsp. pawekiae
1
4
5
Vigna unguiculata subsp. tenuis
10
54
64
Vigna unguiculata subsp. unguiculata var. unguiculata
2
1
3
Vigna venulosa
4
59
63
Vigna vexillata
55
248
303
Vigna vexillata var. angustifolia
24
212
236
Vigna vexillata var. davyi
6
36
42
Vigna vexillata var. dolichonema
0
1
1
Vigna vexillata var. lobatifolia
4
16
20
Vigna vexillata var. macrosperma
3
1
4
Vigna vexillata var. ovata
0
59
59
Vigna vexillata var. vexillata
115
492
607
Vigna virescens
0
4
4
Vigna unguiculata subsp. unguiculata var. spontanea
39
18
57
Vigna wittei
17
0
17
Vigna ambacensis
170
293
463
Vigna frutescens subsp. frutescens var. buchneri
3
36
39
Vigna membranacea
22
135
157
Vigna membranacea subsp. membranacea
6
22
28
Vigna oblongifolia
31
46
77
Vigna oblongifolia var. oblongifolia
24
70
94
Vigna racemosa
97
300
397
Vigna reticulata
164
338
502
Vigna unguiculata subsp. dekindtiana
284
511
795
Vigna unguiculata subsp. stenophylla
31
138
169
Vigna unguiculata subsp. unguiculata
25
7
32
Vigna subterranea
1000
13
1013
Vigna unguiculata subsp. pubescens
17
3
20

Species’ taxonomy was reviewed using Maxted et al. (2004) as a first stage, the GRIN taxonomical review in second place, and Maxted and Kell (2009). After cross-checking and correcting both synonyms and orthography of the species’ names, a thorough georeferencing process is carried out to obtain a spatially explicit database containing as many records as possible for each species. After this, records outside continental boundaries were deleted and a final dataset was produced for analyses.

These are the 34 different collections from which data were readily available:

  1. AAU Herbarium Jutlandicum, Botanical Institute, University of Aarhus
  2. B Botanischer Garten und Botanisches Museum Berlin-Dahlem
  3. BOL Bolus Herbarium, Botany Department, University of Cape Town
  4. BM British Museum (Natural History)
  5. BR Herbarium, Nationale Plantentuin van Belgie, Jardin Botanique Nationale de Belgique
  6. C Botanical Museum, University of Copenhaguen
  7. COI Herbarium, Botanical Institute, University of Coimbra
  8. EA Herbarium, National Museums of Kenya
  9. FT Erbario Tropicale di Firenze
  10. G Herbarium, Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques de la Ville de Geneve
  11. GENT Herbarium, Laboratory of Plant Sustematics, State University of Gent
  12. K Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  13. L Riijkscherbarium
  14. LISC Herbário, Centro de Botanica, Instituto de Investigacao Cientificas Tropical
  15. LISU Herbário, Instituto Botanica, Faculdade de Ciencias
  16. MAL National Herbarium and Botanic Gardens of Malawi
  17. MO Herbarium, Missouri Botanical Garden
  18. MOG National Herbarium, National Range Agency
  19. NBG Compton Herbarium, National Botanic Gardens of South Africa
  20. NH Natal Herbarium, Botanical Research Unit
  21. P Herbier, Laboratoire de Phanérogamie, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle
  22. PRE National Herbarium, Botanic Research Institute, South Africa
  23. PRU Herbarium, Agriculture Department, South Africa
  24. SAM South African Museum Herbarium
  25. SRGH National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe
  26. TAN Herbier, Département Botanique, Madagascar
  27. UPS Botanical Museum (Fytoteket), Uppsala University
  28. W Department of Botany, Naturhistorisches Musem Wein, Austria
  29. WAG Herbarium Vadense, Department of Plant Taxonomy, Wageningen
  30. WU Herbarium, Institut fuer Botanik, Universitaet Wien, Austria
  31. BR Jardin Botanique Nationale de Belgique
  32. CIAT Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical
  33. IITA International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
  34. ILRI International Livestock Research Institute

Downloads

Climatic niche model for V. adenantha
Climatic niche model for V. ambacensis
Climatic niche model for V. angivensis
Climatic niche model for V. antunesii
Climatic niche model for V. benuensis
Climatic niche model for V. bequaertii
Climatic niche model for V. comosa subsp. comosa var. comosa
Climatic niche model for V. comosa
Climatic niche model for V. decipiens
Climatic niche model for V. desmodioides
Climatic niche model for V. filicaulis
Climatic niche model for V. fischeri
Climatic niche model for V. friesiorum var. angustifolia
Climatic niche model for V. friesiorum var. ulugurensis
Climatic niche model for V. friesiorum var. frutescens
Climatic niche model for V. friesiorum subsp. frutescens var. buchneri
Climatic niche model for V. friesiorum subsp. frutescens var. frutescens
Climatic niche model for V. friesiorum subsp. incana
Climatic niche model for V. frutescens
Climatic niche model for V. gazensis
Climatic niche model for V. gracilis var. gracilis
Climatic niche model for V. gracilis var. multiflora
Climatic niche model for V. gracilis
Climatic niche model for V. heterophylla
Climatic niche model for V. juncea
Climatic niche model for V. juruana
Climatic niche model for V. kerandrenii
Climatic niche model for V. kirkii
Climatic niche model for V. longifolia
Climatic niche model for V. longissima
Climatic niche model for V. luteola
Climatic niche model for V. macrorhyncha
Climatic niche model for V. marina
Climatic niche model for V. membranacea subsp. caesia
Climatic niche model for V. membranacea subsp. membranacea
Climatic niche model for V. membranacea
Climatic niche model for V. monophylla
Climatic niche model for V. multinervis
Climatic niche model for V. nigritia
Climatic niche model for V. oblongifolia var. oblongifolia
Climatic niche model for V. oblongifolia var. parviflora
Climatic niche model for V. oblongifolia
Climatic niche model for V. parkeri subsp. acutifolia
Climatic niche model for V. parkeri subsp. maranguensis
Climatic niche model for V. parkeri
Climatic niche model for V. platyloba
Climatic niche model for V. praecox
Climatic niche model for V. pygmaea
Climatic niche model for V. racemosa
Climatic niche model for V. radicans
Climatic niche model for V. reticulata
Climatic niche model for V. schimperi
Climatic niche model for V. schlechteri
Climatic niche model for V. stenophylla
Climatic niche model for V. subterranea
Climatic niche model for V. triphylla
Climatic niche model for V. unguiculata subsp. alba
Climatic niche model for V. unguiculata subsp. dekindtiana
Climatic niche model for V. unguiculata subsp. pubescens
Climatic niche model for V. unguiculata subsp. stenophylla
Climatic niche model for V. unguiculata subsp. tenuis
Climatic niche model for V. unguiculata subsp. unguiculata
Climatic niche model for V. unguiculata subsp. unguiculata var. spontanea
Climatic niche model for V. unguiculata
Climatic niche model for V. venulosa
Climatic niche model for V. vexillata
Climatic niche model for V. vexillata var. angustifolia
Climatic niche model for V. vexillata var. davyi
Climatic niche model for V. vexillata var. lobatifolia
Climatic niche model for V. vexillata var. ovata
Climatic niche model for V. vexillata var. vexillata
Climatic niche model for V. wittei
Vigna potential collecting zones
Vigna potential collecting richness zones
Predicted species richness under current climatic conditions
Predicted species richness under future climatic conditions
Changes on predicted species richness due to climate change
Sampling density (200km cell size) for germplasm accessions
Sampling density (200km cell size) for herbarium samples
Conservation priorities list for Vigna genepool
Dataset used for this analysis

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One Comment to “Vigna genepool”

  1. Vigna genpool from Indonesia archipelago is still very interesting to be further investigated. Since 2005, with support from Australia and the Netherlands, I have been collecting some species within Vigna savi groups from semi arid regions of Indonesia, i.e. vexillata, umbellata, unguiculata which are peforming unique traits and diverse in seed color, shape and habitus, and fit to drought tolerance, as well as their wild relatives. I think this web is very valuable and informative to support my research. Thank you.

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